Statement on the Persecution of the Greek Orthodox Community in Turkey

A Statement by the Orthodox and Roman Catholic Bilateral Consultation on Persecution of the Greek Orthodox Community in Turkey, January 25, 1978, New York City

Introduction

Since 1965 in the United States, we the “Orthodox and Roman Catholic Bilateral Consultation,” and official group of churchmen, university and seminary professors, have been investigating matters of mutual concern between Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. The participants of this Consultation have been officially designated by the representative ecclesiastical authorities.

At our most recent consultation which took place in New York City, January 24-25, 1978, this statement of concern was drafted, in the first place, by the Roman Catholic participants. They propose to submit to the National Conference of Catholic Bishops of the United States, with the request that the Conference consider it as a matter of grave significance and take appropriate action. The Orthodox participants in the Consultation unanimously concur in the positions taken below. The statement is issued therefore as a formal statement of the Orthodox and Roman Catholic Bilateral Consultation.

A Statement of Concern:

In recent months the Turkish government has taken a serious of injurious actions against the Greek Orthodox community in Turkey. This Consultation is deeply concerned about this grave situation that violates even the most basic human rights. The history of restrictive measures and outright persecutions by the Turkish officials against the Greek Orthodox minority community, reflected in recent years by the closing of the historic Theological School of Halki, is already well known. However, in more recent times, further discriminatory measures have been imposed by Turkish authorities which limit the leaders of the Greek Orthodox community in the exercise of their legitimate religious rights. For example, millions of liras in taxes have been imposed by Turkish authorities upon the schools and churches of the Greek Orthodox community in Istanbul. At the same time, the Turkish government has refused to issue passports and permits for certain hierarchs and many Turkish citizens of Greek descent to travel abroad. By such actions Turkish officials have seriously interfered with the exercise of the worldwide religious responsibilities of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.

These violations of human rights and religious freedom are in themselves reasons for protest. In addition, we, the members of this Consultation wish to underline the historic significance of the Orthodox See of Constantinople in its present geographical situation for witnessing to the continuity of the Christian Church. The oppression of the Greek Orthodox in Turkey and the threat to the very existence there of the Ecumenical Patriarchate are all the more serious in this period when the cause of religious unity and world peace has been fostered by the growing relationships between the Ecumenical Patriarch and all the Orthodox Churches with the late Pope John XXIII, His Holiness Pope Paul VI and with Christians everywhere.

We express our shock and outrage at these actions and we dedicate ourselves in fraternal concern to continued protests against these measures.


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Teachings of Christ

“A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another: just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another. By this all people will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another." (John 13:34-35 ESV)

Scripture

January 1, 2018
Circumcision of the Lord
St. Basil the Great
Vespers: Genesis 17:1-2, 4, 5-7, 8, 9-10, 11-12, 14, Proverbs 8:22-30, Proverbs 10:31-11:12,
Matins: John 10:9-16
Liturgy: Colossians 2:8-12, Luke 2:20-21,40-52, Hebrews 7:26-8:2, Luke 6:17-23

- Tuesday: 1 Timothy 3:14-4:5, Matthew 3:1-11
- Wednesday: 2 Timothy 4:5-8, Matthew 1:1-8
- Thursday: James 1:19-27, Mark 10:17-27
- Friday: 1 Cor 9:19-27, Luke 3:1-18

January 6, 2018
Theophany of the Lord
- First Royal Hour: Isaiah 35:1-10, Acts 13:25-32, Matthew 3:1-11
- Third Royal Hour: Isaiah 1:16-20, Acts 19:1-18, Mark 1:1-8
- Sixth Royal Hour: Isaiah 12:3-6, Romans 6:3-11, Mark 1:9-15
- Ninth Royal Hour: Isaiah 49:8-15, Titus 2:11-14; 3:4-7, Matthew 3:13-17
- Vespers and Divine Liturgy of St. Basil: 1) Genesis 1:1-13, 2) Exodus 14:15-18, 21-23, 27-29, 3) Exodus 15:22-27; 16:1, 4) Joshua 3:7,8,15-17, 5) 2 Kings 2:6-14, 6) 2 Kings 5:9-14, 7) Isaiah 1:16-20, 8) Genesis 32:1-10, 9) Exodus 2:5-10, 10) Judges 6:36-40, 11) 1 Kings 18:30-39, 12) 2 Kings 2:19-22, 13) Isaiah 49:8-15, 1 Corinthians: 9:19-27, Luke 3:1-18
- Blessing of Water: Isaiah 35:1-10, Isaiah 55:1-13, Isaiah l 12:3-6, 1 Corinthians 10:1-4, Mark 1:9-11
- Matins: Mark 1:9-11
- Liturgy: Titus 2:11-14, 3:4-7, Matthew 3:13-17

January 7, 2018
Sunday After Theophany
Synaxis of St. John the Baptist
- Matins: John 20:19-31
- Liturgy: Ephesians 4:7-13, Matthew 4:12-17, Acts 19:1-8, John 1:29-34

Thirty-Second Week After Pentecost
- Monday: James 2:14-26, Mark 10:46-52
- Tuesday: James 3:1-10, Mark 11:11-23
- Wednesday: James 3:11-4:6, Mark 11:23-26
- Thursday: James 4:7-5:9, Mark 11:27-33
- Friday: 1 Peter 1:1-2, 10-12, 2:6-10, Mark 12:1-12
- Saturday: 1 Thessalonians 5:14-23, Luke 17:3-10

January 14, 2018
Zacchaeus Sunday
- Matins: John 21:1-14
- Liturgy: 1 Timothy 4:9-15, Luke 19:1-10

Week of the Publican and Pharisee
- Monday: 1 Peter 2:21-3:9, Mark 12:13-17
- Tuesday: 1 Peter 3:1-22, Mark 12:18-27
- Wednesday: 1 Peter 4:1-11, Mark 12:28-37
- Thursday: 1 Peter 4:12-5:5, Mark 22:38-44
- Friday: 2 Peter 1:1-10, Mark 13:1-8
- Saturday: 2 Timothy 2:11-19, Luke 18:2-8

January 21, 2018
Sunday of the Publican and Pharisee
- Matins: John 21:15-25
- Liturgy: 2 Timothy 3:10-15, Luke 18:10-14

Week of the Prodigal Son
- Monday: 2 Peter 1:20-2:9, Mark 13:9-13
- Tuesday: 2 Peter 2:9-22, Mark 13:14-23
- Wednesday: 2 Peter 3:1-18, Mark 13:24-31
- Thursday: 1 John 1:8-2:6, Mark 13:31-14:2
- Friday: 1 John 2:7-17, Mark 14:3-9
- Saturday: 2 Timothy 3:1-9, Luke 20:45-21:4

January 28, 2018
Sunday of the Publican and Pharisee
- Matins: Matthew 28:16-20
- Liturgy: 2 Timothy 3:10-15, Luke 18:10-14

Feasts & Fasts

January
1 - Circumcision of Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ
Feast of St. Basil the Great, Sunday Before Theophany, New Year's Day (Civil)
6 - Theophany of Our Lord, God, and Savior, Jesus Christ
7 - Sunday After Theophany
14 - Sunday of Zacchaeus
15 - Martin Luther King Day (USA)
21 - Sunday of the Publican and Pharisee
28 - Sunday of the Prodigal Son
30 - Synaxis of the Ecumenical Teachers and Hierarchs: Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian, and John Chrysostom

February
2 - Encounter of Our Lord, God, and Savior, Jesus Christ with Simeon and Anna
3 - First All-Souls Saturday
4 - Sunday of the Second Coming of Christ (Meat-Fare)
11 - Forgiveness Sunday (Cheese-Fare)
12 - Beginning of the Holy Forty Days Fast
18 - First Sunday of the Great Fast (Sunday of Orthodoxy)
19 - Washington's Birthday (President's Day) (USA)
24 - Second All-Souls Saturday
25 - Second Sunday of the Great Fast (St. Gregory Palamas)

Please pray!

"They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were killed with the sword...." (Hebrews 11:37a)

Please lift up in prayer all those who are persecuted and deprived of liberty, everywhere in the world. Please especially remember the peoples of Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Niger - the whole Middle East and Africa - who are literal martyrs for Christ. Also the peoples of Ukraine. They are our brothers, for all are one in Christ.

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Theophany

When You were baptized in the Jordan, O Lord, * worship of the Trinity was revealed, * for the Father's voice bore witness to You, calling You His “beloved Son”, * and the Spirit in the form of a dove confirmed the certainty of these words. * O Christ God, * Who appeared and enlightened the world, glory to You! (Troparion, Tone 1)

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now and ever and to the ages of ages. Amen.

You have appeared to the whole world today, * and Your light, O Lord, is signed upon us, * who with knowledge sing praise to You: * "You have come, and You have appeared, O Unapproachable Light." (Kontakion, Tone 4)

Random Proverb

Honor the Lord with your wealth and with the firstfruits of all your produce; then your barns will be filled with plenty, and your vats will be bursting with wine. (Proverbs 3:9,10 ESV)

Pray Without Ceasing

Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner.

Wisdom from the Church Fathers

According to the text, `We are the body of Christ and each of us is one of its members' (cf. 1 Cor. 12:27), we are said to be the body of Christ. We do not become this body through the loss of our own bodies; nor again because Christ's Body passes into us hypostatically or is divided into members; but rather because we conform to the likeness of the Lord's flesh by shaking off the corruption of sin. For just as Christ in His manhood was sinless by nature both in flesh and in soul, so we too who believe in Him, and have clothed ourselves in Him through the Spirit, can be without sin to Him if we so choose.

St. Maximus the Confessor, Second Century on Theology, Philokalia, V. 2