Active Cathedral


Active Cathedral denotes a currently active cathedral, co-cathedral, pro-cathedral, or proto-cathedral.


A cathedral is the personal church of the hierarch who rules a canonical jurisdiction and contains his throne or cathedra.


Co--cathedrals exist when there are two (or, rarely, more) active cathedrals in a canonical jurisdiction. Technically, each is so termed and each is of equal precedential rank. In common usage, however, the term is often only used of the second church so designated, unless both are either of equal antiquity or each was a cathedral in its own right prior to the two being designated as co-cathedrals.

The most common circumstances that might cause there to be co-cathedrals include:

  • Two canonical jurisdictions, each of which had a cathedral, are merged into a single canonical jurisdiction.
  • A canonical jurisdiction incorporates two large metropolitan areas which would ordinarily constitute separate canonical jurisdictions but are so geographically proximate and inter-related as to make that impractical.
  • A canonical jurisdiction incorporates two large metropolitan areas the population demographics of which do not merit separate canonical jurisdictions but which are of such civil distinction as to demand equal canonical recognition be accorded to each.
  • A canonical jurisdiction incorporates a geographic area of such size as to demand two cathedrals as a matter of convenience or practicality, perhaps in anticipation of the single jurisdiction being eventually divided.
  • A canonical jurisdiction's own geographic boundaries cross geopolitical boundaries that demand equal canonical recognition be accorded to each of two geopolitical entities within its jurisdiction.

The dignity of co-cathedral has also been conferred on a church: as a sign of particular honor due to its antiquity, historical importance, or spiritual significance; in recognition of an event that transpired there; in gratitude for a service performed by its clergy or faithful; or, as a mark of hierarchical affection. Such is both uncommon and inconsistent with the intended usage of the dignity, but does occur.


A pro-cathedral is a church temporarily designated to serve as or in lieu of a cathedral.

Such a designation may be made:

  • When a canonical jurisdiction is in process of being canonically erected, but no decision has yet been made as to where its hierarch will be geographically situated.
  • When a newly erected canonical jurisdiction has not yet purchased or erected a cathedral.
  • When a cathedral is under construction.
  • When repair, remodeling, or reconstruction of an existing cathedral is underway.
  • When an incumbent hierarch is unable to occupy his cathedral because of war, civil disturbance, natural disaster, or other circumstance.

A proto-cathedral is a church that formerly had the dignity of a cathedral. Properly, the term is applied to that church which was the first (proto) cathedral in a canonical jurisdiction. Occasionally, the styling 'Old Cathedral' is incorporated into the church name as an alternative (an example of such is St Patrick's Old Cathedral - NYC).


There are, additionally, such designations as metropolitan cathedral and patriarchal cathedral, applied to the cathedrals which are the seats of those respective hierarchs.


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Teachings of Christ

'Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. Whoever feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day." (John 6:53-54 ESV)

Theophany

When You were baptized in the Jordan, O Lord, * worship of the Trinity was revealed, * for the Father's voice bore witness to You, calling You His “beloved Son”, * and the Spirit in the form of a dove confirmed the certainty of these words. * O Christ God, * Who appeared and enlightened the world, glory to You! (Troparion, Tone 1)

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now and ever and to the ages of ages. Amen.

You have appeared to the whole world today, * and Your light, O Lord, is signed upon us, * who with knowledge sing praise to You: * "You have come, and You have appeared, O Unapproachable Light." (Kontakion, Tone 4)

Random Proverb

"Go to the ant, O sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise. Without having any chief, officer, or ruler, she prepares her bread in summer and gathers her food in harvest." (Proverbs 6:6-8 ESV)

Pray Without Ceasing

Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner.

Wisdom from the Church Fathers

For to despise the present age, not to love transitory things, unreservedly to stretch out the mind in humility to God and our neighbor, to preserve patience against offered insults and, with patience guarded, to repel the pain of malice from the heart, to give one's property to the poor, not to covet that of others, to esteem the friend in God, on God's account to love even those who are hostile, to mourn at the affliction of a neighbor, not to exult in the death of one who is an enemy, this is the new creature whom the Master of the nations seeks with watchful eye amid the other disciples, saying: "If, then, any be in Christ a new creature, the old things are passed away. Behold all things are made new" (2Cor. 5:17).

The Homilies of St. Gregory the Great On the Book of the Prophet Ezekiel